Bunions are more common than you think. You will be amazed to know that because of the increasing number, there are several ways through which you can treat bunion feet. I will tell you how!
Not all bunions are caused due to the same thing. Factors like late age, being a woman, and your lifestyle play an important role. That is after the genetics, though!
Now it is essential to know the causes of bunions before you head towards the treatment. Each treatment goal that requires lifestyle modification is adapted after a careful survey of the reason.
A visit to an orthopedic clinic never hurts. However, if the bunion is early, then a few changes that I have mentioned below will take care of your foot deformity.
Let’s head forward and explore all the options. The progression may not be fast, but it is useful!
Non Surgical Methods:
Nonsurgical methods are convenient and easy to change because they do not require frequent visits to doctors and a large sum of money. However, these methods are more suitable for low level tenderness in bunion feet.
Wear wider shoes:
The first significant cause in this list is the avoidance of narrow shoes. It is also the most common reason for bunion progression. Narrow shoes offer less space and more pressure on the tender bunion region that makes it worse. Wider shoes give the engorged area room to breathe and help the joint gain the natural anatomy.
Wider shoes also mean forgoing your favorite pumps or flat shoes. It is sad, but on the brighter side, it also means no pain. The shoe store salesperson will find you a better alternative that will not compromise aesthetics and comfort. New Balance shoes and Fleet Feet are ideal shoe types.
Avoid flip flops:
Now that we are discussing shoes avoid shoes that offer no arch support like flip flops. Conditions like high and low arch increase the angle of bunions, so arch support is necessary. Lack of arch support also increases pressure on toes.
The size of the shoe undoubtedly plays a vital role in ease and walking. However, if you were to choose, you should rely on comfort because the shoe’s outward protrusion needs inward space. That automatically increases the size. Size varies from company to company, but comfort remains!
Comfort also means your home slippers. Now you will have to wear sandals with arch support even at your sanctuary. A few minutes of walking in the right shoe wear can contrast. Start from your home by changing to shoes with a sturdy yet reliable midsole that will help remove the toes’ pressure.
Bunion pads are available and easily accessible. They have an effective mechanism of action even though it may not seem like it. They wrap around the toes and protect the joint from being hit with additional pressure. Reduction in the motion force helps you in walking.
Choose the socks wisely:
It is not a joke when you are advised to choose the right socks for bunions. The right kind of fabric can heal the pointed tender area within a few months. Cotton socks are commonly used; however, they are not a safe option. Cotton increases friction that causes redness and swelling of a bunion.
Choose spandex or wool socks. They are not only comfortable but provide maximum coverage. Avoid socks that have seams for the toes. That increases the rubbing of toes and juts out the protrusion more. Seamless socks are safer and give a wide berth to the metatarsal joints.
Toe separators can work wonders. It may feel uncomfortable at first, but you will get used to them. Choose padded separators that will absorb the shock as well as keep distance between toes. Widening of angle even in unaffected toes helps balance out the bunion so it can heal quickly.
Topical pain relief creams:
Bunions mean the outward jutting of the joint and the inflammation, swelling, and erythema of the area. There can be a blister formation because of constant rubbing and other potential skin problems. Calm, soothing balm, gel, or creams can cover the area fully by applying gently. They also reduce the additional pain from the skin. The healing time is reduced for a quick running journey!
Icing always works like magic. Icing can be done not only for the bunion but also for the underlying conditions like high arches. Ice the area for at least 10 minutes every night before going to sleep regularly. This helps the muscles in contracting and maintaining the natural muscular shape of the feet. They also tighten over joins, so the angle of a bunion is not widened.
Surgical methods are a long shot and mostly pursued in aged people. It is also commonly recommended to patients who have severe bunions that have spread to their 2nd and 3rd toes. Sometimes there is overlapping on the other toes that can lead to permanent deformities.
Bunionectomy is advised by the foot specialist as a last resort. If the other methods are no longer useful, then surgery will help!
The type of surgical procedures mainly depends on the intensity of the deformity like:
For a severe bunion, bone tempering is done. The enlarged part of the bone is cut. The metatarsalgia joint is disconnected and realigned. Then the tendons are ligaments smoothened and joined for regaining the normal anatomy. After the painful surgery, you should not walk for days. The cast is placed around the whole front of the feet. The recovery time is also longer, which can last weeks.
For moderate bunions, bone cutting is optional. Mainly the joint is disconnected and then connected with the decreased angle to the next toe. The tendons are reconnected, especially on the lateral part of the feet. It has comparatively a fast recovery time.
In this part, the natural mechanism has a more significant role to play. The joint is not shifted much. Instead, more attention is poured on the surrounding ligaments and muscles. After they are aligned, they work to bring the bunion back to shape. It has the longest time for action but not much alteration to recover from.
It does not stop there, as there are worse conditions that are beyond the power of recovery. Arthritis patients cannot rely on bone healing. In that case, you have to give additional aid to the big toe by installing implants during surgery. The implants speed up the process and take more than help from the natural healing process away.
Surgical methods or not, you should never outlook the treatment if you have the resources. The nonsurgical procedures I have mentioned do not require rocket science or out of the ordinary efforts. If you are willing to work on your bunion feet, you will see a significant effect within weeks. Ignorance can often lead to more adverse measures!
+ 4 Sources:
You can ensure the accuracy of our information and content by clicking on the added sources. We adhere to strict sourcing guidelines related to medical associations and statistical research. Ensuring avoidance of data that could be misleading as to any matter of fact is our priority.
- Bunions -Mayo clinic.
- Healthline –symptoms, causes, treatment
- NAUHAUS-foot pediatricians.
- Runners World –Discussion by William O. Morris (2010)