A high arch is a medical condition where your feet’ center is more elevated than the average person. This center is called the “arch.” High arches are also called Cavus feet or supinated feet.
Arches are the primary parts of the feet that are responsible for absorbing the shock. In the case of higher angles, that shock doesn’t reach the arch. It is collected in the heel and forefront because of which you may face difficulties in walking and running.
If you want to know how to fix higher arches, you should first understand different conditions’ anatomy. Each treatment is linked to the specific positioning of bones and tendons. Mainly orthopedics and pediatrics divide the treatment into surgical and non-surgical methods.
However, it is essential to know about the causes of your arches. If you have inherited a high angle, then you might have to take the surgical approach. Inherited arches are more rigid and seen in patients facing extreme conditions. Before the effect reaches your knees and hips, it is better to get it treated.
The non-surgical approach is for people that face slight pain. High arches are also caused due to underlying conditions like muscular dystrophy, spinal fibula, and cerebral palsy. Non-surgical treatment is economical and easily obtainable.
Non-Surgical treatment methods:
Before you read about the technique, you should know that you need to be strict and regular for this approach. The probability of decreasing the arch height is significantly low. But that does not mean you cannot control it and stop its progression.
Customized Orthotic Devices:
Pediatrics usually recommend that you measure and get to know your arch type. Only after that, should you search for sources like arch supports and padding that will assist your arch. They can be customized to match your size. You can also get a premade device delivered online through E-commerce.
Silicon or rubber pads are available online that can be worn inside and out of the shoes to decrease pressure and tension inside your feet and ankle muscles.
For conditions like brittle ankles and sensitive Achilles heel, you can buy detachable fastening braces to keep the position fixed until your pain goes away.
Plantar Fasciitis is the inflammation of the fasciitis in heels. Heel cushions will not let sudden movements jostle the heel position.
For walking and running, use particular use that has sock liners, orthopedic insoles, and midsoles. They will help your arches take a natural shape and adapt for better running. It will help if you prefer buying wider shoes with secured lacework.
You can get over the counter analgesic topical tubes and lotions for an all-nighter soothing effect from your nearest pharmacy. Although they will direct away from your pain, they can also help soothe the muscles through absorption. This will control the situation before it gets worse.
Icing your bunches up muscles helps relax them. Usually, inflamed areas grow hot and itchy, so icing it will reduce and numb the pain. It would help if you did it for max 20 minutes before sleeping. Do not make direct contact with the ice, so wrap it in a towel or thick fabric.
After exhausting the options like physical therapy, you can make an appointment with your orthopedics. They will analyze your feet and settle on a technique. Surgeons initiate the surgery directly on the cause of pain.
Osteotomy (heel bone) Calcaneal surgery:
Osteotomy is the open surgery for the alignment of the high arch. Like in the supination case, bones shift away from the position surgeons fix it through metal rods and cables. Aftercare is necessary for a few weeks. Your feet remain in the cast since your bones are altered and immensely shortened, so it takes 7 to 8 weeks to restore mobility fully.
Removal of Plantar Fascia:
The plantar fascia is the thick ligaments that attach the front of your feet to the balls of feet. Because of too much strain and pulling, the muscles lock up and reduce in size. In permanent conditions, you have to remove the knotted area and sew the sides surgically. It can take up to six weeks for it to heal back. Till then, you are restricted from unnecessary movement.
Gastrocnemius Muscle surgery:
The gastrocnemius is the primary muscle of the calf at the lateral sides of the heels. It lengthens with the relaxation of calf muscles and the Achilles tendon.
Often people with high arches feel pulling in these muscles. Constant contraction of this soft tissue can restrict movement and stretch. It is addressed from small cuts and lengthening of the calf muscles. For relaxation and growth, it is further treated with physiotherapy.
Bone surgery involves various steps of treatment. It is also the most challenging form. Bone cutting and altering can be difficult because of their demanding nature. After that, if fusion is required, correct alignment is necessary. You do not want to cause any negative growth or chances of the wrong arrangement. It is a job that requires intensive care methods. Bone surgeries include;
- Toe surgery
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Joint ligament issues.
Diagnostic associated problems.
Cavus foot surgery.