What Causes Bunions? – 7 Most Significant Factors

Looking at your feet, does something feel weird? Maybe it is the sticking of the toe ends at one side or both. That is most likely a bunion development in its early stage. However, if the protrusion is too large, then sadly, the late stage.

Bunion feet is also called by its Latin name Hallux Valgus. It is a foot deformity that is defined by the name given to it. Hallux means the big toe, and valgus is the toe’s outward turning from the body’s midline. It is a painful condition that can progress if untreated.

You should know that bunions develop slowly, so there is a high chance you will notice the causes and stop them from further deformation. Bunions can be caused by some of our everyday tasks that are not good for the feet. You will feel discomfort in walking and running, which is an early indication.

Apart from the voluntary causes, there are changes in anatomy that are another significant cause of bunion foot.

Let’s head forward to find out what possibly causes and increases the progression of this deformity. Knowing the essential factors, you can guide yourself and treat the bunion within months. However, that depends mostly on the cause.

Try to relate to the given points so you can take action accordingly!

Anatomical Reasons:

The bid toe of your foot pushes against the smaller ones and sometimes drives over and under them. The upper end of the toe is pushed inward, balanced by the outward protrusions of the Metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) at the toe’s base. The intermetatarsal angle (IMA) gives the intensity and severity of the bunion. Due to a higher rise, a large gap is formed with the other toes that cause the big one to jut out. Standard IMA is 9 degrees, and deviation from that shows signs of a bunion.

Hereditary reasons:

Yes, bunions run in the family as well. It is not entirely your fault if you have bunion feet. Although underlying conditions like high and low arches increase the probability of worsening of bunions, it all begins with genetics. Additionally, most people who have bunions running in their family end up getting this foot deformity.

Narrow Shoes:

Narrow shoes do not develop the Hallux Valgus from scratch, but it does increase its intensity and pain. Bunions are less stable than an average shoe because the outward protrusion divides the body weight unevenly. The rounded outward jutting is also hard to jam into the narrow shoes. If you push against the odds, then it is most likely to injure the area. Broader and softer shoes are a safer option.

High heeled shoes:

In such a deformity, your toes are already engorged and tender that does not need more pressure. High heels cause the pressure to fall to the front of the feet as more weight befalls there. The balls have to give more support, and the toes have to flex to occupy more space. However, the cinched front of heels and the resistance against the small room makes the joint brittle and vulnerable.


Women are more likely to get bunions than men. It is seen that currently, the percentage of women with bunions is higher as well. That is mainly because there is interference in the tendon joining and ligament strengthening during pregnancy due to the hormonal imbalance. There is porosity in the joint that makes it easy to bend and go out of shape. The protrusion is highly likely to occur in that duration.


An occupation like nursing, office, and teaching requires long hours on your feet. You have to spend the majority of the day standing or running around to meet demands. The more you push against your feet for vigorous movements, the more you are likely to hurt and expand the joint’s angle. This also decreases the time for healing. A careful selection of shoes can bring tremendous relief.


Weak bones and underlying conditions have previously altered the anatomy of feet so that there is an uneven distribution. Add in the bunions, and you are in for a painful ride. Arthritis of ankle joints causes the feet to drop, and more pressing for momentum is required. Pressing increases pressure at the tips of toes that widens the alignment of joints at the base.


I have mentioned the significant causes of bunions. If you control and maintain these factors regularly, you will be delighted to know that it ends in a substantial change. Your side toe protrusion will start to subside, and there will be no pain. Bunion feet can certainly not be ignored because they play an essential part in your movement and gait.
Care and control can take you far!

+ 4 Sources:
You can ensure the accuracy of our information and content by clicking on the added sources. We adhere to strict sourcing guidelines related to medical associations and statistical research. Ensuring avoidance of data that could be misleading as to any matter of fact is our priority.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply

      Shoes Resolved
      Enable registration in settings - general